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How are school districts financed?

How are school districts funded? School districts are complex, multimillion dollar operations that require, in most cases, hundreds of staff, multiple buildings, a fleet of buses, food service programs and nearly around-the-clock operations. How do school districts finance their operations? There are three main sources of revenue that fund school district operations: state, federal and local revenue. A fourth source of revenue, designated as "Other," includes financial transactions such as sales of bonds, transfers from other funds and proceeds of refinanced debt, all of which typically occur within a single fiscal year. In the aggregate, the shares of state, local, federal and other revenue for school districts in 2016-17 are illustrated in the graph below.

Click on the image link below to open our interactive graph illustrating revenue ratios by source.

When looking at individual school districts, the amount of revenue from each source—and the extent that the school district has to rely on the other sources—is unique to each and every school district in the commonwealth.

Click on the map below to explore total revenues for individual school districts with data on total revenue dollar amounts and total revenue per student.
Map: Revenues to School Districts (Federal, State & Local)

  • Each of our maps illustrate data relevant to the topic of the day for each school district. You can find the map legend at the top left of your screen after opening the map. 
  • Hover over any school district with your mouse to open a pop-up label providing information associated with that school district.
  • You can filter school districts by locale type (urban, suburban, town, or rural), by intermediate unit, and occasionally by other factors as well.